Glossary of Terms
Carbohydrates or saccharides are simple molecules. They are the most abundant biological molecules, and fill numerous roles in living things, such as the storage and transport of energy and structural components. Additionally, carbohydrates and their derivatives play major roles in the working process of the immune system, fertilization, pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.
See Chicory Root
See Dietary Fibre
The gut flora are the microorganisms that normally live in the digestive tract and can perform a number of useful functions for their hosts.
Many bacteria can be healthy for the body. They can provide the health benefits including better regularity, calcium absorption, etc.
Decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water
To subject or be subjected to hydrolysis
The intestinal flora are the microorganisms that normally live in the digestive tract and can perform a number of useful functions for their hosts.
Lactobacilli are a major part of the lactic acid bacteria group, named as such because most of its members convert lactose and other sugars to lactic acid. In humans they are present in the gastrointestinal tract, where they are symbiotic and make up a small portion of the gut flora. The production of lactic acid makes its environment acidic which inhibits the growth of some harmful bacteria.
The chemical processes by which cells produce the substances and energy needed to sustain life. As part of metabolism, organic compounds are broken down to provide heat and energy in the process called catabolism. Simpler molecules are also used to build more complex compounds like proteins for growth and repair of tissues as part of anabolism
The micro flora are the microorganisms that normally live in the digestive tract and can perform a number of useful functions for their hosts.
Paracellular transport refers to the transfer of substances between cells of an epithelium.
A pathogen or infectious agent is a biological agent that causes disease or illness to its host.
A polymer is a substance composed of molecules with large molecular mass composed of repeating structural units, or monomers, connected by covalent chemical bonds
See Prebiotic Effect