Prebiotic Canada

your source for information on prebiotics, probiotics, and healthy living

Glossary of Terms

Bifidobacteria

Bifidobacteria are one of the major genera of bacteria that make up the gut flora, the bacteria that reside in the colon. Bifidobacteria aid in digestion and are being used as probiotics.

Bio-culture

Contains living friendly bacteria (lactobacilli) probiotic bacteria, which help maintain a healthy intestinal tract and immune system

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrates or saccharides are simple molecules. They are the most abundant biological molecules, and fill numerous roles in living things, such as the storage and transport of energy and structural components. Additionally, carbohydrates and their derivatives play major roles in the working process of the immune system, fertilization, pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.

Chicory Root

See Chicory Root

Dietary Fibre

See Dietary Fibre

Fructan

A fructan is a polymer of fructose molecules that occur in foods such as artichokes, asparagus, green beans, leeks, onions and wheat.

Gut Flora

The gut flora are the microorganisms that normally live in the digestive tract and can perform a number of useful functions for their hosts.

Healthy Bacteria

Many bacteria can be healthy for the body. They can provide the health benefits including better regularity, calcium absorption, etc.

Hydrolysis

Decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water

Hydrolyzed

To subject or be subjected to hydrolysis

Intestinal Flora

The intestinal flora are the microorganisms that normally live in the digestive tract and can perform a number of useful functions for their hosts.

Inulin

See Inulin

Lactobacilli

Lactobacilli are a major part of the lactic acid bacteria group, named as such because most of its members convert lactose and other sugars to lactic acid. In humans they are present in the gastrointestinal tract, where they are symbiotic and make up a small portion of the gut flora. The production of lactic acid makes its environment acidic which inhibits the growth of some harmful bacteria.

Metabolic Activity

The chemical processes by which cells produce the substances and energy needed to sustain life. As part of metabolism, organic compounds are broken down to provide heat and energy in the process called catabolism. Simpler molecules are also used to build more complex compounds like proteins for growth and repair of tissues as part of anabolism

Micro Flora

The micro flora are the microorganisms that normally live in the digestive tract and can perform a number of useful functions for their hosts.

Oligomer

In chemistry, an oligomer consists of a finite number of monomer units in contrast to a polymer which, at least in principle, consists of an unbounded number of monomers.

Oligosaccharide

An oligosaccharide is a saccharide polymer containing a small number of simple sugars.

Paracellular Transport System

Paracellular transport refers to the transfer of substances between cells of an epithelium.

Pathogens

A pathogen or infectious agent is a biological agent that causes disease or illness to its host.

Polymer

A polymer is a substance composed of molecules with large molecular mass composed of repeating structural units, or monomers, connected by covalent chemical bonds

Polymerisation

Polymerisation is a process of bonding monomers, or "single units" together to form longer chains named polymers

Prebiotic

See Prebiotic

Prebiotic Effect

See Prebiotic Effect

Probiotic

See Probiotic

Synbiotic

Synbiotics refer to nutritional supplements containing both probiotics and prebiotics